上海财经大学经济学院
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832期 11月17日 :Hard to get: The scarcity of women and the competition for high-income men in urban China(Junsen Zhang, Professor at Chinese University of Hong Kong)

【主讲】Junsen Zhang (Professor at Chinese University of Hong Kong)

【主题】Hard to get: The scarcity of women and the competition for high-income men in urban China

【时间】2017年11月17日 (周五) 10:00-11:30

【地点】上海财经大学经济学院楼312室

【语言】英文

【摘要】Reports of the difficulties of elite women in finding suitable mates have been increasing despite the growing scarcity of women in China. We show that this phenomenon can be a consequence of women’s preference for men who have higher incomes than themselves. With such a reference-dependent preference (RDP), the pool of men the high-income (h-) women desire shrinks as their income increases, while the pool of competing poorer (l-) women expands. Moreover, for h-women, even when high-income (H-) men are more plentiful and richer (as in China), the direct effect of a greater number of desirable men can be overwhelmed by the indirect effect of the competitive “entry” of l-women. We test for these competitive effects with online dating field experimental, Census, and China Family Panel Studies data. Consistent with competitive entry and its deterrence, the search intensity of beautiful l-women and h-women—irrespective of their beauty—for H-men increases with sex ratio and the income of H-men. The beauty of the wife of H-men and the marriage probability of l-women also increases. Although h-women are no less likely to marry than l-women, contra-Becker, their odds decrease when sex ratio or H-men’s income increases, particularly the plain-looking h-women. Our findings demonstrate the novel effects of women’s RDP for mate income.

【讲员简介】Prof. Zhang is currently Wei Lun Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. His research (both theoretical and empirical) has focused on the economics of family behaviour, including crime, fertility, marriage, education, intergenerational transfers, marital transfers, gender bias, and old-age support. He also works on family-related macro issues, such as ageing, social security, and economic growth. Using many data sets from different countries (regions), either micro or macro, he has studied economic issues in Canada, the US, the Philippines, Taiwan, Hong Kong, as well as Mainland China.
He has published over 90 papers in major refereed international journals. Many of them were published in leading economics journals such as Journal of Political Economy, Review of Economic Studies, Economic Journal, Review of Economics and Statistics and International Economic Review, or in leading field journals such as Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Human Resources, and Journal of International Economics. He has been Editor of the Journal of Population Economics since 2001, and had been the President of the Hong Kong Economic Association from 2007 to 2011.

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